Installation

According to Smeltzer (2005, P. 981), in the physical examination it must: to evaluate the respiratory system, auscultates including it careful of the pulmes and the use of accessory muscle, to evaluate the cardiac system including the careful inspection for any edema and signals of cardiac insufficience, must be observed the skin how much exantemas, petquias and equimoses and be examined escleras for the jaundice. For being an activity of the nurse, it must always is intent for some cares that must be taken before, during and after the installation of the components to be transfundidos, thus preventing a damage to the patient or an error on the part of the professional who could be fatal to the patient. FIOCRUZ (2000, p.74) divides the cares in the transfusion in three stages: Cares in the Installation of the transfusion: to Verificar medical lapsing, to confer given of the handbook, to identify the customer necessarily; to Conferir the passed time enters the exit of hemocomponente of the hemoterapia service and the beginning of transfusion, this does not have to be superior the 30 minutes; Apresenta it the customer, communicating the procedure the one that will be submitted; Avaliar the aspect (color, validity, integrity, hemlise and cogulo) and rotulao of the component; to Conferir the data of the label of the component to be transfundido; To mount the transfusional system, having to use one I equip proper for the transfusion. To verify and to write down the vital signals of the patient before initiating the transfusion of any hemocomponente; to Escolher calibroso venoso access for the puno, if the vein already will be punched, all the other medications that will be being infundidas in this venosa line must be suspended until it finishes the transfusion. Final the blood is forbidden to the concomitant infusion of any substance together with, the only exception to this rule is the physiological serum.


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Mining Association

From now on, the subject becomes object of governmental actions, deformed isolated, if to base with Portaria n. 196/83, and the publications dPortarias 935/92, of Law the 9431/97 and would carry it 2,616/98 in vigor currently, ambasdo Ministry of Sade (MS). Some centers of training had been created in all the country and courses decapacitao for the control of the hospital infections (IH) had been carried through. Otema then is widely socialized between the institutions and professionals of health. In the end of the decade of 80, three great importantesassociaes of professionals of the health for the study and control of infeceshospitalares had been created: So Paulo association of Study Control of Infeco Hospitalar (APECIH), Mining Association of Studies in Hospitalar infection (AMECIH), Brazilian Association of Professionals in Control of Infeco Hospitalar (ABIH). Years 90 had marked a gradual consuming in the Program of Control Brazilian Hospital deInfeco, exactly with the publication of Portaria MS n 930/1992.A politics of decentralization of the actions of health, supported for the Law n8.080/1990, provoked the spalling and dispersion of the bases of support in controlede hospital infection of the Health department. The effect of this descentralizaoculminou in the formation of nuclei of professionals in some States with intuitode to keep exchanges of experiences, giving origin to some deprofissionais associations in infection control.

4Em 1992, the Health department made to be valid would carry it n 930, which dispunhada creation of the Control service of Infeco Hospitalar (SCIH), of the search ativasdos cases of infection, of deantimicrobianos the administrative abilities and the rational use. From the principles related in this it would carry, Law 9431 that foisancionada in the year of 1997, it institutes the obligatoriness of the Control service deInfeco Hospitalar (SCIH) in all the hospitals of Brazil. The Ministry of the Sadejuntamente with expertises in what it refers to the Hospital Infections had elaborated would arrive in port 2616, that it revoked, until then effective Would carry 930 of 1992.A would carry 2616 defines infection in two pursuings: hospital ecomunitria.


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The Statute

Seen the necessity of the insertion of the education in health in all the scopes of youth, fit to the professionals sensitization to work with this objective. The nursing is distinguished for being closely on to the human being and worried about its well-being, it is fit in the challenge of actions in Education in Health that allow to stimulate the young to the critical reflection of its reality. It is basic that the Nursing places in the center of the debates on health quarrels concerning techniques which can be submitted the specific groups, that is, people contextualizadas in one same reality. 2. REVISION OF LITERATURE 2,1 ADOLESCENCE the adolescence drift of Latin adolescere, that it means ' ' crescer' '. Adolescence is the period of the life human being between the puberty and the virility; youth; youth.

The Statute of the Child and the Adolescent, Law n. 8,069/90, circumscribes the adolescence as the period of life that goes of the 12 to the 18 years of age. The World-wide Organization of Sade (OMS) delimits the adolescence as the second decade of life (10 to the 19 years) and youth as the period that goes of the 15 to the 24 years. Health department takes for base the definition of the OMS. Moreira (2007, p.313) affirms that: ' ' The adolescence is a period of changes, caused for its special synergy of biological, psychic, social and cultural factors. In this phase, the young one if sees in way the new relations with the family, the way where it lives, I obtain exactly and with the other adolescents. It is in this period of the life that occurs the transistion of a state of dependence for relative other of independncia.' ' Being the adolescence a process of biopsicossocial development, can be marked by crises, difficulties, malaise and anguish. When abandoning the infantile condition and searching the ingression in the adult world, the adolescent suffers additions in its psychic income.


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