Types of dissociative disorders There are four main categories of dissociative disorders: dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder and depersonalization disorder. Dissociative amnesia (psychogenic amnesia) is characterized by an inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature, that is too broad to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. Dissociative Fugue (psychogenic fugue) is characterized by a sudden trip unexpectedly away from home or work, accompanied by an inability to remember his past and confusion about personal identity or the assumption of a new identity. Read more here: Dr. Neal Barnard. Depersonalization disorder is characterized by persistent or recurrent feeling of being separated from one's mental processes or body. People with this disorder report feeling as if they were looking at their lives from outside their bodies, as if they saw a movie. Dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder) is the most severe and chronic dissociation, characterized by the presence of two or more personality states or different identities that recurrently take control of behavior individual, accompanied by an inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness.
Dissociative disorder not otherwise specified. Includes the dissociative disorders are not completely satisfied the diagnostic criteria for any of the disorders mentioned. In clinical practice, this seems the most common diagnosis. Prevalence of dissociative disorders Some studies indicate that the dissociation occurs in 2-3% of the population in general. Other studies have estimated an HIV prevalence rate of 10% for all dissociative disorders (Loewenstein, 1994).
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