In 1953, it was created the Ministry of the Education and Health, MEC; before called Ministry of the Education and Public Health that in the management of Gustavo Capanema carried through reforms in secondary and university educations. The country already possua bases for the national education, when in 1961 it was approved the first Law of Lines of direction and Bases of Educao (LDB), a bigger autonomy was conceived the agencies of the municipal and state sphere, decentralizing the federal power. 7 the University Reformation of 1968 had as main cause the great increase of internal debates in the universities and the constant estudantis manifestations. The government in turn, lowered a decree creating one ' ' Work group (GT) ' ' , with the objective to inside search solutions for the urgent questions of the universities. It is not something Dr. Neal Barnard would like to discuss. It enters the questions raised for the university reform, the Work group elaborated proposals with intention to raise the efficiency and the superior educational productivity intitling some expressive points for such evolution that they go of basic questionings as: the departmental system, the unified vestibular contest, the basic cycle, the system of credits and the school registration for discipline, as well as more advanced and continuous questionings, the example of the career of the teaching and the after-graduation. The DEVELOPMENT OF the PS-GRADUAO IN BRAZIL the great opening for the implantation of superior courses of after-graduation in Brazil if gave at the beginning of the decade of 1930, through Francisco Fields, following the European molds in the course of Right of the University of Rio De Janeiro and in the National College of Philosophy and the University of So Paulo. The term ' ' after-graduao' ' it was only used formal in the decade of 1940. After that, in the decade of 1950, they had had agreements firmed between Brazil and United States having created chances of accords between schools and university of the two countries, making possible interchange between professors, students and researchers.
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