Natural Sciences

The cartography probably is the oldest representation of the geographic thought. Since daily pay-history the man searchs ways to represent to the nature through a writing, in the case of the cartography the writing through the drawing of maps. The first maps were made in wood, sculptured or painted. These maps were of great utility mainly for the landmark of hunting territories and fish. More information is housed here: Hirotsu Bio Science. The cartography had a moment of bigger growth and improvements in its techniques of representation of the areas in the antiquity from the one of the territorial exspansionism, mainly of Germany and France. From the great discoveries of century XVI the man had a bigger knowledge of the dimensions of the planet and thus the cartography had conditions of being a more including knowledge in what respect to the size of the area represented in its maps is said.

Leaving of conception of that the maps of century XVI had had the main function to represent the areas discovered in the great navigations, the cartography only leaves of being a science that if worry in representing the nature and also pass to represent the activities human beings, in this in case that it represents the discoveries made for the navigators. In this period of navigations the maps were considered true treasures of its native countries, therefore they were of basic importance for the accomplishment of new discoveries. Thus the pioneering countries in the trips of territorial expanses, such as Portugal, Spain and England possuam vast collections of maps and nautical letters that were kept as state secrets. Since the great navigations the cartography suffered varies ideological, philosophical modifications and geographic, being the main a modification of the language used in the maps, such changes had influenced mainly in what it says respect to the character of state secret that was applied to the maps.

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