Eucalyptus globulus Labil – Eucalyptus Blue (Eucalyptus ball) Fam. Myrtaceae – myrtle description. An evergreen tree up to 40 m; bark smooth, bluish-gray, slowly crack and fall off. The leaves of young shoots are opposite, soft, coated bloom, blue-green, sessile, ovate, cordate at the base of recess, the leaves of the old shoots are alternate, oblong-elliptical to lanceolate, falcate, with short petioles. Flowers solitary, sessile with a simple perianth in the form of a pot with 4 teeth. Fruit chetyrehstennaya box.
Distribution. It grows in dry forest areas. Distributed in Tasmania. Cultivated in many countries around the world, thanks to rapid growth, inclusive, and in Southern Europe. Raw materials. Leaves (Folia Eucalipti), oil (Oleun Eucalipti).
Content. The leaves contain – essential oil (0.5-3.5%), tannins, and elagovuyu galusovuyu acid, bitter substances, oil Cineole (Evkaliptod) – 60-85%, camphene, Fenham, pinokarveol, terpineol, sesquiterpene alcohols (eudesmol, globulol), aldehydes (valerilaldegid, butilaldegid, kaprilaldegid), free and esterified alcohols, carbonyl compounds, hydrocarbons and terpene sesquiterpene series (pinene, aromadendren). The main action. Anti-inflammatory, especially in inflammatory processes in the airways (bronchitis). Experimental and clinical data. Anti-inflammatory effect due to the rich content of eucalyptus in it an essential oil, the main component of which is a monoterpene of eucalyptus. In the essential oil derived from the leaves Eucalyptus is also contained in other components have a synergistic effect: pineny, camphene, Fenham, terpineol and a small amount of sesquiterpenes. Anti-inflammatory activity of eucalyptus is not only based on antiexudative his action, which comes from an expression vasoconstrictive actions, but at a certain, although not very pronounced antimicrobial effect. It was also established pronounced antiviral activity in vitro of aqueous extracts of eucalyptus leaves, as well as bacteriostatic effect on Proteus vulgaris and alpha-hemolytic streptococci. In clinical medicine have long been used valuable anti-inflammatory properties of eucalyptus in inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, colds, often in combination with other ether-oil plants. Empirical data. Traditional medicine recommends the use of eucalyptus as a means to stimulate saliva production and a lack of gastric juice. In our opinion, this is based on stimulating and irritating effect of essential oils in general and, in particular, to act on the secretory activity of sesquiterpenes digestive glands secrete digestive juices. Eucalyptus is also recommended to stop the complaints related to respiratory illness – cough, shortness of breath, as well as with colds and flu. In such cases, its use is not without reason, and due to the fact that essential oils, regardless of how their administration to stand out through the lungs, where they have an antimicrobial (weak) and antiinflammatory action. Method of application. Tablespoon of eucalyptus leaves Pour 1 / 2 liters of boiling water and cooked a hot brew to drink a glass of wine before meals 3 times a day with bronchitis and bronchial asthma. We also recommend inhalation with eucalyptus, for which: a certain amount of boiling water (no more than 100-150 ml) drip 20 drops of eucalyptus and immediately implement inhalation. Eucalyptus oil can be applied topically, mixed with sunflower or olive oil (2:100) as nose drops. A blend of essential oils in well-defined relationships, which include eucalyptus oil and eucalyptus, which is included in the chewing mixture (rubber) for the treatment of catarrh of the upper hronifitsirovannyh respiratory tract – in this case there is a very good effect.
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